The 2008 U.S.-Saudi MOU on nuclear cooperation, which is a statement of intent and is not legal binding, described the Saudi government`s intention “to rely on existing international markets for nuclear fuel services as an alternative to the pursuit of enrichment and reprocessing.” Saudi Arabian officials have not publicly stated that they will reject prohibitions on uranium enrichment and fuel reprocessing if such prohibitions are required to enter into a bilateral nuclear cooperation agreement with the United States. However, Saudi officials have also not indicated their intention to use and develop national resources and capabilities to support their nuclear program. Despite political differences and specific differences, U.S. and Saudi officials have long made the continuity of bilateral relations, despite calls from some Saudis and Americans for fundamental changes, to ensure the continuity of bilateral relations as well as dramatic strategic changes. The Trump administration, like its predecessors, is engaging the Saudi government as a strategic partner to promote regional security and global economic stability. President Trump has explicitly expressed his desire to strengthen U.S. relations with Saudi leaders7, which has been tense during President George W. Bush`s administration on Iraq and terrorism issues and, during President Obama`s tenure, by differences over reactions to regional unrest and U.S. policy toward Iran. Since the beginning of modern relations between the United States and Saudi Arabia in 1945, the United States has been prepared to ignore many of the most controversial aspects of the kingdom as long as it maintained oil production and supported U.S. national security policy.  Since World War II, unlike communism, the two countries have been allied to support stability in oil prices, stability in oil fields and oil shipping in the Persian Gulf, as well as stability in the Western economies in which the Saudis have invested. In particular, the two countries were allies against the Soviets in Afghanistan and when Iraq was expelled from Kuwait in 1991.
The two countries were divided over the State of Israel, as well as the embargo of the United States and its allies by Saudi Arabia and other Middle Eastern oil exporters during the 1973 oil crisis (which significantly increased oil prices), the invasion of Iraq by the United States in 2003 (Saudi Arabia refused), aspects of the “war on terror” and what many in the United States consider to be the harmful influence of Saudi Arabia after the 11th September.